How Are Diamonds Cut?

Brilliant Cut Diamonds
Brilliant Cut Diamonds
Brilliant Cut Diamonds

What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think about diamonds? Like many of us, we imagine expertly crafted gems that shine with brilliance to catch the attention of every soul lucky to set eyes on it. What many don’t know is that diamonds don’t come out of diamond mines looking like that. The rough diamonds need the gentle and experienced hands of a diamond cutter to yield you the brilliant cut diamonds that you know of.

As you may know that diamonds are characterized on the basis of certain metrics—the 4Cs

The cut of the diamond is one of the 4Cs…

Diamonds Are Cut In Two Ways

Diamonds are the hardest substances on the face of the earth. In a sense, it is the everlasting beauty of diamonds that make it so sought after and why couples throng to get a beautiful diamond engagement ring—true love must be everlasting as diamonds, as they say.

This is why diamonds can only be cut by diamonds.

The diamond cutter, before beginning the actual process of cutting, evaluates the stone for flaws and inclusions—and the carat weight. From here, the cutter determines which cut will best compliment the gem.

Most of the time, a rough diamond consists of 8 faces, 6 vertices and 12 edges. This is the perfect shape for a brilliant cut, and this is the cut that won’t lose much of the carat weight in the process—at the same time direct light beautifully.

Steps For Cutting A Diamond

  • Planning

This is the first step to make sure that the diamond turns out exactly as intended by the diamond cutter. The diamond cutter makes use of their past experience, knowledge and computer aid to map a rough diamond in such a way so as to get the final product without wasting and cutting away too much of the diamond in the process.

  • Cleaving

The diamond cutting expert splits the rough diamond into separate pieces, and it is done using a contactless laser or mechanical saws.

  • Bruting

It is the grinding that turns the rough diamonds into rounded shapes, and this is done by placing them on an axle and grinding them against each other to create a rough finish.

  • Polishing & Inspecting

Polishing involves creating smooth, reflective facets including crowns, facets, and pavilions. Once the base is created then further facets are added to provide brilliance and fire to the diamond. Finally, the diamond is inspected to make sure that it meets the right specifications. If not then it is re-polished or else it is passed on.

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